Chromhidrosis is a rare condition that causes colored sweating. It can be very debilitating, as it can cause extreme discomfort and embarrassment. 

What is chromhidrosis?

Chromhidrosis is a rare condition that causes sweat to turn black, blue, green, yellow, or brown. It's most commonly caused by an overactive adrenal gland, but can also be genetic or due to other factors. Chromhidrosis can further subdivide into apocrine chromhidrosis, eccrine chromhidrosis and pseudochromidrosis.

Apocrine chromhidrosis occurs in the areas where apocrine glands are present and are mostly limited to the anogenital and axillary areas, eyelids, ears, scalp, trunk, and areola. Normally, apocrine glands secrete scant amounts of odorless, oily fluid into the hair canal that, upon reaching the skin surface, is degraded by bacteria producing a pheromonal body odor.

Eccrine chromhidrosis may occur almost anywhere on the body as eccrine glands are distributed with varying density throughout the skin . Eccrine glands are smaller than apocrine glands, secrete a dilute salty sweat composed mainly of water and electrolytes directly onto the skin surface.

Pseudochromhidrosis results from the interaction of colorless eccrine sweat with other compounds, subsequently producing a colored sweat

Causes of chromhidrosis

Chromhidrosis may appear at any age but usually appears after puberty, when the apocrine secretory function begins. The disease is considered chronic, however, may regress with age as apocrine secretion diminishes. Pepole with Chromhidrosis tent to have an increased number of yellow-brown lipofuscin pigments. Lipofuscin is a pigment that is created as part of the natural process of sweat production.

Chromhidrosis can cause embarrassment and social isolation, as sufferers may not be able to go out in public without being noticed.

How does Chromhidrosis Affect your Life?

Chromhidrosis is a serious skin disease that can significantly affect your quality of life. It's common and affects people of all ages, races, and genders. Regular sweat is clear or slightly cloudy in color, but people with chromhidrosis notice a colored sweat. If a person notices any coloration, they should consult a doctor.

If you have chromhidrosis, there are ways to reduce the symptoms and improve your quality of life. Getting diagnosis and treatment early is key to improving your health overall with chromhidrosis.

Ways to Treat Chromhidrosis

Inducing apocrine secretion or reducing perspiration is the goal of apocrine chromhidrosis treatment, which may last up to 3 days and result in a symptom-free interval. There are other ways to treat chromhidrosis, depending on the severity of the condition. For mild cases, topical applications of capsaicin cream or topical aluminum chloride may be sufficient. If the condition is more severe, treatment might include botox injections, which can help to reduce sweating. Always consult with a doctor before starting any treatment plan, as there can be serious side effects associated with some treatments. In the event that symptoms persist or worsen, it's important to keep a close eye on your condition and contact your doctor as soon as possible.


Chromhidrosis is a rare chronic condition that causes sweat to turn black, blue, green, yellow, or brown.. Chromhidrosis can have a significant impact on your life, as it can interfere with your daily activities and relationships. There are some treatments but are limited and may not be very effective. This condition need more research to find better ways to manage it.